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Why do I have indigestion?

Indigestion affects 20% of the population, but few seek medical attention. Most cases are due to benign diseases, but others can be a consequence of serious diseases, such as cancer.
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indigestion
Indigestion is a burning sensation or fullness in the pit of the stomach, which occurs frequently after eating.

It affects 20% of the population, but few seek medical attention. Most cases are due to benign diseases, but others can be a consequence of serious diseases, such as cancer.

The cause of indigestion can be identified only in a quarter of the patients, the most frequent are:

Peptic ulcer: 

These are sores that form in the layer that covers the stomach or the first part of the intestine. Pain can occur when eating (when they are gastric) or 2 to 5 hours after eating (when they occur in the intestine). It helps prevent gastric ulcers with healthy habits.

Stomach or esophageal cancer: 

Hispanic patients have a higher risk of this type of cancer. The pain at the beginning is mild, but as the disease progresses it increases in intensity and can be accompanied by anemia, fatigue and weight loss.

Biliary colic: 

The stones in the gallbladder can cause pain after eating in the pit of the stomach and under the right ribs, which runs to the back and can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

Medicines: 

Anti-inflammatories can hurt the layer that covers the stomach, causing pain.

Helicobacter pylori infection: 

It has been seen that the symptoms of some patients with this infection improve when the bacteria is eradicated.

Three-quarters of patients with indigestion have a functional disorder, that is, that an exact cause for indigestion is not identified. These patients may benefit from medications such as omeprazole or a specific type of antidepressant.

Most of the causes of indigestion are benign, however, this discomfort could be an indicator of a more serious disease, such as cancer. For this reason, it is always important to see a doctor and not miss the signals that our body sends us.
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